Written by Muhammad Abdul Alim
Maulana Ubaidullah Sindhi, the watchdog of the freedom struggle, was born on 10 March 182 in the village of Chapanwali in the Sialkot district of the Punjab. Hereditarily his ancestors were Karmakars or Hindus. He later converted to Sikhism. In 184, at the age of 12, Shah Ismail was greatly influenced by the book ‘Tufhatul Hind’ or ‘Gift of Hindustan’ written by Shaheed Dehlabi and became attracted to Islam. Later he read the immortal book of Tauhid ‘Takbiyatul Iman’ of Shah Ismail Shahid. He later converted to Islam after reading the book Ahwatul Akherat. Since the author of the book ‘Ahwatul Akherat’ is named Ubaidullah, he also named himself Ubaidullah after the author.
Due to the surrounding adversity, he at first kept the news of his conversion secret. Two years later, he published the news of his conversion to Islam. Then Sayyidul Arefin, the spiritual rabbi of Sindh, appeared in the service of Hazrat Hafez Maulana Muhammad Siddique Varjundi and received spiritual initiation from him. There, less than four years after his conversion to Islam, he arrived in the village of Deenpur in the world-famous spiritual and revolutionary area of Rahimiyar Khan. There Maulana Ubaidullah Sindhi began to receive the teachings of religious Kitabism from the then most eminent scholar Khwaja Ghulam Muhammad Sahib Deenpuri. Then Maulana Ubaidullah Sindhi reached Darul Uloom Deoband in 1899 AD and there he completed his Hadith education from Shaykhul Hind Maulana Mahmudul Hasan Deobandi. Maulana Ubaidullah Sindhi was one of the favorite students of Shaykhul Hind. One day Maulana Ubaidullah Sindhi saw in a dream Hazrat Muhammad (SAW) and Imam Azam Abu Hanifa (RA). Maulana Ubaidullah Sindhi used to say that within a few days after meeting Shaykhul Hind, the thoughts and feelings of the movement moved in my mind. And the most effective role in this was to read the biography of Hazrat Shah Ismail Shaheed Dehlabi (RA). Maulana Ubaidullah Sindhi was endowed with unprecedented talent and unparalleled memory. Maulana Ubaidullah Sindhi also learned Hadith from Shaykhul Hind and Qutub Rabbani Hazrat Maulana Rashid Ahmad Gangohi and received Sanad. He was married to the daughter of Maulana Muhammad Kazim Khan Yousafzai, a teacher at Shekhar Islamia School.
Maulana Ubaidullah Sindhi (R) has been discussed at least a little in the chapter of Shaykhul Hind Mahmudul Hasan Deobandi, because the political life of the two Bujurs is so intimately involved that when one is discussed, the name of the other comes naturally. So here we will discuss the rest of the political activities of Maulana Ubaidullah Sindhi.
Maulana Ubaidullah Sindhi established an organization called ‘Shekhar Darul Ershad’ in 1901 AD. And in 1909 he moved to Deoband on the advice of Shaykhul Hind and there he formed a student organization called ‘Jamiatul Ansar’ with the students of the former Darul Uloom Deoband. On 1 December 1915, he left for Kabul under the direction of Shaykhul Hind and became involved in anti-British activities there. There he became active in forming the government of independent India. The president of that government was Raja Mahendra Pratap, the prime minister was Maulana Barkatullah and the home minister was Maulana Ubaidullah Sindhi himself. He contacted Turkey, Russia and Japan to recognize this independent state. And influenced the Afghan government by sharp intellect and personality and called for a declaration of war against the British government. When the Afghans fought a war with British-ruled India, he sided with the Afghans and sent his own army, Junudullah. Maulana Ubaidullah defeated the British in that battle with Sindhi’s amazing tactics. The Afghans won the war and became independent states. Maulana Ubaidullah achieved this great success as a result of the astonishing foresight of Sindhi.
After this battle they held Mr. Thomson captive in a place called ‘Qutul Umrah’. Mr Thomson was forced to concede defeat. About 1700 British soldiers died in this war. In this war, Shaykhul Hind, with the help of Afghanistan, Turkey and Yagistan, with the help of Afghan Mujahideen, humiliated the British and released them. WW Hunter, the then Governor of Bengal, wrote in his famous book ‘The Indian Musalman’,
“They, the Muslim Mujahideen, buried the British soldiers in every sand.”
“We have won because of the wise men of Deoband,” said Zahir Shah of Afghanistan. British Ambassador Humphrey was forced to say,
“This victory is not the victory of Afghanistan, this victory is the victory of Ubaidullah.”
According to the British intelligence report, Major General of Junudullah Bahini was Shaykhul Hind, Lieutenant General was Maulana Shawkat Ali, founder of Khilafah Movement, Maulana Abdul Bari Firingimahli, Maulana Hussain Ahmad Madani, Maulana Abul Kalam Azad, Dr. Sulaiman Nadvir’s name is also found. Maulana Zafar Ali was named as Lieutenant Colonel and Maulana Ibrahim Sialkoti was also named as Colonel. Maulana Khalil Ahmad Saharanpuri, Allama Anwar Shah Kashmiri, Hafiz Nasir Ahmad, Maulana Muhammad Mian, Maulana Abdur Rahim, Haji Abdur Razzak, Allah Nawaz Khan, Sai Individuals. According to the British intelligence report, these people were associated with Maulana Ubaidullah Sindhi’s Junude Rabbani.
The British intelligence report further states that the letter stamped by Shaykhul Hind to the Turkish Caliph to overthrow the British government during the First World War had the stamp of Hezbollah in Jamiat on August 15, 1918. This ‘Jamiat Hezbollah’ was formed in 1913 in Kolkata under the patronage of Maulana Abul Kalam Azad. According to the British intelligence report, some students of Madrasa Sawlatiya, a madrassa in Mecca Sharif, were involved in the anti-British movement of Shaykhul Hind with the money collected from India. This shows how wide and vast Shaikhul Hind’s communication with foreign countries was. But sadly, with the defeat of Turkey in World War I, all plans were thwarted. The British intelligence report states: –
“A section of the Muslim nation was still engaged in an armed movement against the British (1914-1915). In addition to those associated with the jihadi movement, another group conspired to expel the British with the help of the Muslim foreign states of Kabul and Turkey. Their leaders were Maulana Ubaidullah of Deoband Madrasa and his colleague Maulana Mahmudul Hasan. They conspired to revolt in Hijaz and Kabul with the help of subcontinental Muslim expatriates and with the help of the Emir of Kabul. ” (Sedition Committee Report, p. 174)
He has clearly stated about the journey of Maulana Ubaidullah Sindhi in Kabul and his relationship with the Sultan of Kabul i.e. Amir Habibullah:
It would be unjust not to admit one thing that my words would not have been so effective if I had not received the right advice from Hazrat Shaykhul Hind. Maybe I would have introduced myself as a Muslim in the Afghan royal court without identifying myself as an Indian Muslim. After a while, I might have to prove that I am Indian. ” (Diary, Ubaidullah Sindhi)
In June 1918, at the behest of the British government, Amir Habibullah Khan detained Maulana Ubaidullah Sindhi and other leaders of other revolutionary parties in Kabul and banned the Provisional Government of India. 20/25 people including Maulana Ubaidullah Sindhi were kept in a small cell. Later Sindhi was shifted to Jalalabad. However, when Amanullah Khan came to power in Kabul in February 1919, he released Maulana Sindhi and brought him back to Kabul after a long period of one year and six months. After that he worked for the welfare of Amanullah government for 3 years and 6 months as a confidant of Amanullah Khan. During this time he established a branch of the Congress as an alternative to the Provisional Government of India. In the battle of British India with Amanullah in May and June 1919, the Mujahideen of Maulana Sindhi Junude Rabbani played a significant role in fighting valiantly. As a result, Amanullah’s forces won and the British had to face defeat. Which has been described before.
After a total of 6 years and 7 days in Kabul, he was forced to leave Kabul under international pressure. Thus his plan failed. Apparently, the veil of this movement fell, but basically it was the movement that fueled the freedom in the ages.
After the failure of the first plan in this way, on 22 October 1922, he set out for Russia with the intention of creating a new field for the Indian independence movement.
Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose and Maulana Ubaidullah Sindhi
Maulana Ubaidullah Sindhi was a visionary and diplomatic politician in foreign policy when he sent Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose abroad.
Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose understood that it was never possible to get full independence from the moderate Congress. So he left the Congress following extremist policies. Netaji’s escape from Germany to Japan during World War II was also rooted in Maulana Sindhi’s previous experience. Netaji secretly left the country in a submarine with the help of Major Hamid. Before going abroad, Netaji used the advice of Maulana Ubaidullah Sindhi. Shaykhul Hind Mahmudul Hasan, under the leadership of Deobandi, organized in Mecca, Hejaz, Turkey etc. and chose the path of attacking India. Similarly, Netaji chose to invade India with the help of foreign powers like Japan, Germany, France, Kabul etc. Maulana Ubaidullah Sindhi’s plan was also at the core of Netaji’s foreign policy. Maulana Ubaidullah Sindhi was the mastermind behind Netaji’s observance of silence while in British custody, pretending to be ill, and resorting to loneliness. After wearing Kabuliwala’s dress, leaving his hat and beard, Maulana Ziauddin took the pseudonym Maulana Faruddin (Chost) to speak Urdu in the name of business in the middle of the night. Ubaidullah Sindhi Deobandi. Netaji’s Maulana Ziauddin was given the pseudonym of Maulana Sindhi himself.
Maulana Ubaidullah Sindhi realized that it was possible to drive the British out of the country only through foreign aggression. So he planned to invade British India with the help of Turkey using World War I as a tool. But unfortunately all the plans failed in the conspiracy of the traitors. So Ubaidullah Sindhi wanted to invade British India again through foreign invasion. But it was not possible for him to do it a second time and there was no such situation. So he chose Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose to do this. And Maulana Ubaidullah Sindhi was Netaji’s political guru. Historian Suprakash Roy writes, “It was Ubaidullah Sindhi who initiated Netaji into the mantra of complete independence. He was the one who gave the name of Netaji to Maulana Ziauddin. He was the first to disguise himself and send him to Kabul and then to other countries. (Contribution of Ulama Kerams to India’s Independence Movement, Page 26)
Netaji fully complied with Maulana Ubaidullah Sindhi’s plan and preferred to invade British India from abroad. That is why the ideological similarities between the leadership of Maulana Ubaidullah Sindhi and Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose can be seen.
|Ubaidullah Sindhi||Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose|
|1. Movement in the First World War||1. Movement in the Second World War|
|2. Expedition-Northwest Frontier||2. Expedition-North East Frontier|
|3. Get help – Afghan Turkey||3. Get help – Japan and Germans|
|4. Government of Independent India formed in Kabul on 1 December 1915||4. The Government of Independent India was formed in Singapore on 21 October 1943|
|5. The name of his army is Junudullah||5. Netaji’s Azad Hind Fauj|
|. The president was Raja Mahendra Pratap||. Colonel Abid Hasan, General Shahnawaz|
So a patriotic leader like Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose has given Deoband a gift to the ulama.
Maulana Ubaidullah Sindhi spent 25 long years in prison. His beard did not grow when he was imprisoned but when he was released from prison his beard turned white. Indians will never forget him for his self-sacrifice for the country.
Shaykhul Hind Maulana Mahmudul Hasan Deobandi was brought to Malta ten years after his release from prison. As long as Shaykhul Hind was alive, Maulana Sindhi was not allowed to return to the country. Because the British Baniyas knew that if Shaykhul Hind and Maulana Sindhi were together, it would be a great danger to the British. So after the death of Shaikhul Hind, Maulana Sindhi was brought to the country. Even after bringing Maulana Sindhi to the country, the British could not stay in peace. Later he was poisoned and killed. He died in 1944. But the British did not let the countrymen know. He officially acknowledged that Maulana Sahib had been killed on September 1, 1945, one year and nine days later. Maulana Abul Kalam Azad wrote a letter to Maulana Zahirul Haque while reminiscing about the freedom struggle of Maulana Ubaidullah Sindhi:
Maulvi Zahirul Haque of affection
Assalamu Alaikum wa Rahmatullah
Congratulations on the letter sent to you on the occasion of Independence. After reading the letter, only the memory of Maulana Ubaidullah Sindhi floats in the memory. That incident is very long. In short, enough time is needed. During the World War of 1914, Hazrat Maulana Mahmudul Hasan (R), the leader of Shah Waliullah’s caravan, sent Maulana Obaidullah Sindhi to Kabul under very difficult circumstances. There Maulana Obaidullah got the opportunity to work with political leaders in different countries. Among them were activist leaders from Germany, France and Japan who later rose to power. ……
When he came here in 1939 after serving twenty-five years in exile, World War II began. He presented his own plan to the Congress and devised a program of all-India struggle. At that time even Gandhiji opposed the program. Even then, the ‘Leave India’ movement got approval.
In the second phase, Subhas met him in a man-empty space on an eight-mile road from Uthala to Delhi. His next meeting was in the Baliganj area of Kolkata. It was here that he arranged for Subhas to leave for Japan. He gave an identity card as a passenger of the interim government in the name of the Japanese government and sent a personal special message to the commander-in-chief there. Upon his arrival, Subhas was able to establish confidence in the Japanese government’s military department and in him. ……
In the end, the life of Maulana Sahib was ended by the application of terrible poison.
On September 1, 1945, a full year and nine days later, it was officially acknowledged that Maulana Sahib had been killed. Normally, such a revolutionary is not equal to this revolutionary even if the whole world is weighed on one scale by putting him on one scale. .
Greetings to your honorable mother.
Abul Kalam Azad.
(Note: Insaniyat Patrika Maulana Mohammad Taher, translation by Maulana Abdul Quader / References: Contribution of Muslims to India’s Freedom Struggle, Sheikh Ajibul Haq)
Maulana Ubaidullah Sindhi was also a good writer. He also wrote some books after his exile. Of which ‘Elhamur Rahman’ is particularly noteworthy as a high level commentary book. In this commentary, he introduced the revolutionary and jihadi call of Islam to the nation in a new form. He also wrote ‘Shah Waliullah aur un ki siyasi tahrik’ (Shah Waliullah and his political thought), ‘Inquilabi in the Quranic tradition’, ‘Philosophy of Shah Waliullah Dehlabi’.
Maulana Ubaidullah Sindhi warned the Muslims of the subjugated country: “The toy house you have built and the belief that it is the same huge sky cannot survive in the face of the flow of time. Your economy is mired in everything. You have called it Islamic civilization, but there is no sign of Islam in it. You are carrying on your orthodoxy in the name of madhhab. If you want to be a Muslim, then understand what Islam is. What you call Islam has nothing to do with Islam. Your leaders are greedy for position. Your rulers are luxurious and your people are confused. Wake up and change. Otherwise the age will erase your mark. ”
On his death bed, Hazrat Maulana Ubaidullah Sindhi (RA) said, “I have traveled to different parts of the world. Everywhere I have given the slogan of liberation in a strong voice. Mountains, caves, fields, forests, rivers and seas, in a word, we have spent the bitter and bitter nights of life everywhere. Everywhere I went in Turkey, Afghanistan, Russia, China and the Hejaz, I saw images of demonic torture of Muslims by English and Jewish Christian non-Muslim animals.
My thinking power is wounded, my heart is bloody, my thoughts are disturbed, so I will give you the rare wealth of freedom from where.
Leave me alone. Hypocrites, deceivers and swindlers have thwarted this international movement of my Shaykhul Hind (RA) and enslaved the nation for a long time. Which has become a pattern of weeping and wailing of my existence. I have no attraction to any people. I don’t like any food. I can’t find peace in anything. They have torn my body and mind and left me in a desolate wilderness. ” [Source: Jihadi life of Akbaris, Maulana Ziaur Rahman Farooqi Shaheed (RA), page – 74]